How web development has evolved over the decade ?

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“Getting a quality website is not an expenses but rather an investment.”
― Dr. Christopher Dayagdag

The vast network of interconnected websites, web pages, web applications containing immense amount of documents and resources for information sharing that can be accessed through web browsers like Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome and so on is called web.

The process that requires the combination of programming languages, framework, and tools to design and create user-friendly websites is known as web development. There are two types of web development:

Front end development- focuses on user interface and user experience
Back end development- focuses on server side of the web application like (server-side scripting ,database management and so on)

There have been considerable improvements and changes in web development .One of the major trends in web development has been the emergence and evolution of various frameworks that simplify and streamline the development process. Let’s examine the growth of frameworks in relation to the progress of web development throughout this time:

2013:

  • Responsive web design has received a lot of attention as a method for building websites that can adjust to various screen sizes and devices.
  • Growth of Node.js: Node.js gained popularity as a server side JavaScript runtime, allowing programmers to create effective and scalable online applications.

2014:

  • AngularJS 2: The AngularJS team announced a complete rewrite of the framework, known as AngularJS 2. It aimed to address some of the limitations of the original AngularJS and provide better performance and scalability.

2015:

  • The debut of ECMAScript 6 (ES6): ES6, sometimes referred to as ES2015, added a number of new features and syntactic improvements to JavaScript, including arrow functions, classes, and modules that enhanced code structure and readability.

2016:

  • Introduction of Angular 2+: A more modular and scalable architecture was added with the introduction of Angular 2, a full rebuild of AngularJS. The Angular team chose a semantic versioning strategy, which resulted in Angular 4, Angular 5, and so forth in successive releases.
  • React Native is a framework for creating native mobile applications using React, which was launched by Facebook. It enabled programmers to create React code and publish it as a native app for iOS and Android devices.

2017:

  • Rise of Vue.js: As a portable and adaptable JavaScript framework, Vue.js has experienced substantial growth in popularity. It provided an incremental and progressive approach to development, enabling developers to gradually incorporate it into ongoing projects.

2018:

  • Web applications may now offer native-like features, including as offline functionality, push notifications, and home screen installation, thanks to Progressive Web Apps (PWA), a popular trend.
  • Adoption of GraphQL: GraphQL, an API query language, has attracted interest for its capacity to deliver effective and flexible data retrieval, allowing customers to request certain data requirements.

2019:

  • An overview of Deno: Ryan Dahl, the original developer of Node.js, built Deno, which emerged as a safe runtime for TypeScript and JavaScript. It sought to address some of Node.js’ security and design problems.

2020:

  • React Hooks: React Hooks are reusable stateful logic that can be written in functional components in a new approach that simplifies code and eliminates the requirement for class components.
  • An increase in Jamstack: Jamstack (JavaScript, APIs, and Markup) became more widely used as a framework for creating scalable and quick online applications by utilizing serverless functions, client-side JavaScript, and static site creation.

2021:

  • Adoption of TypeScript: As a statically typed superset of JavaScript, TypeScript has gained popularity among developers. It offers better tools, better code structure, and a better developer experience.
  • Digital accessibility has received more attention lately as groups and developers stress the value of delivering accessible digital experiences for people with impairments.

2022:

  • React: A toolkit that enabled programmers to make reusable UI elements and construct intricate user interfaces in which a group of developers are now responsible for maintaining it after Facebook developed it. React updates the UI effectively by using a virtual DOM, which ensures that only the portions of the UI that have changed are updated.
  • A framework for creating web apps called Angular that is written in TypeScript and developed and maintained by Google. The tools and functionalities offered by Angular enable programmers to create sophisticated apps fast. It contains a built-in dependency injection system and a component-based design.
  • A progressive and popular JavaScript framework for creating user interfaces known as Vue.js that is frequently used to create single-page apps and designed to be simple to use and comprehend. The tools and functionalities offered by Vue.js enabled developers to create sophisticated apps fast. Its component-based architecture and integrated reactivity mechanism make it simple to maintain the user interface (UI) in sync with the data.

The evolution of websites has changed substantially in the last ten years. The transition from static HTML websites to dynamic web apps has been one of the largest transformations. This has been made feasible by the creation of new web technologies like cloud computing, JavaScript frameworks, and APIs.

The proliferation of mobile devices, which prompted the creation of responsive web design, is another significant development. By doing this, websites offer a consistent user experience on all platforms by being built to adapt to various screen sizes and devices.

Additionally, the usage of APIs has grown in popularity, enabling programmers to build online apps that can communicate with other services and data sources. New kinds of applications, including social media platforms and online markets, have sprung from this.

Finally, the advancement of cloud computing has made the deployment of online applications simpler and more affordable. As a result, cloud-based platforms and services have become increasingly popular. These include Amazon online Services and Microsoft Azure, which provide developers access to the infrastructure and resources they need to create and scale out online applications.

The web development landscape is dynamic, and each framework introduces a unique collection of attributes, advantages, and paradigms for development that suited various requirements and preferences. The general tendency has always been toward systems that are more effective, and component-based, that enables developers to easily build dynamic and interactive online applications.

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